Vomiting | Causes and Treatment for Vomiting after Eating

Vomiting | Causes and Treatment for Vomiting after Eating

Vomiting | Causes and Treatment for Vomiting after Eating

The involuntary emptying of stomach contents, through the mouth is known as vomiting. For some medicinal reasons, forcible voluntary vomiting is also opted. But, here we are going to consider involuntary vomiting after eating which can not be controlled. Nausea often precedes vomiting but nausea may not always lead to vomiting. Nausea along with headache can sometimes precede vomiting but there can be no symptoms also, when vomiting after eating occurs suddenly. This can be due to several mild or serious medical disorders in the body. This is a type of eating disorder. Let us have a look at the causes behind this eating disorder.


Causes of Vomiting after Eating

* Simple Causes: Inadequate sleep, high blood pressure, excessive exposure to heat, high altitude, motion sickness, sea sickness, indigestion, side effects of certain medicines, exposure to chemical toxins, emotional stress or fear, certain smells or odors, fever etc. may cause vomiting after eating.


* Improper Habits: Taking meals too frequently or starvation for a long period of time, long intervals between two meals, hastily eating and gulping of food, consuming too heavy fatty meals, eating when not required, eating late at night, lead to vomiting after eating.

* Serious Causes: Due to the dysfunction of any of the human body systems, vomiting after eating can occur. So, you should consult your doctor immediately if there is constant intestinal pain after eating and vomiting. Blocked intestine, gall bladder diseases, gluten intolerance, brain tumor, ulcers, meningitis, appendicitis, migraine headaches, dehydration are some of the causes of vomiting after eating.


* Food Content: This is the most common cause of vomiting after eating food. Certain ingredients or certain foods which do not suit your body, are not accepted by the digestive system. When such ingredients are present in your food, they can lead to vomiting after eating. If you are not used to spicy and hot food, consumption of such food may lead to vomiting.

* Food Poisoning: There are various causes of food poisoning. Bacteria from the contaminated food, improper washing of hands or fresh ingredients, poor hygiene can lead to vomiting after eating.


* Food Allergy: Food allergies lead to discomfort and nausea after eating. Some people have lactose allergy, some have food-color allergy.


* Side Effect of Therapies: People undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy may have to face the problem of vomiting after eating.


* Pregnancy: During pregnancy, vomiting after eating is quite common. Nausea, known as 'morning sickness' is the cause of vomiting after eating and drinking during pregnancy.


* Alcohol: Alcohol abuse leads to vomiting after eating.


Vomiting usually subsides within a few hours. There are more chances of dehydration after vomiting, in case of children. Sunken eyes, rapid pulse, dry lips are the symptoms found, when vomiting after eating in children does not subside and continues for a long period of time. You should contact your doctor in such cases, as early as possible.


Treatment for Vomiting:


In the absence of known pathophysiology, treatment of cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) remains empiric.18,46 The following 5 management strategies are used for cyclic vomiting syndrome: avoidance of triggers, prophylactic pharmacotherapy, abortive therapy, supportive care during acute episodes, and family support.


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Shortness of Breath and Vomiting


Pharmacologic therapy is used to prevent episodes of vomiting or to decrease their frequency. Other medications may be used to abort or attenuate episodes once they begin. Preventive medications are normally used in patients with more than a single episode of cyclic vomiting syndrome per month. The mainstays of prophylactic therapy include cyproheptadine, amitriptyline, propranolol, phenobarbital, and erythromycin. If abortive therapy fails, supportive combinations such as ondansetron plus lorazepam or chlorpromazine plus diphenhydramine may attenuate an attack of cyclic vomiting in progress.


In some instances, avoiding identified dietary triggers, such as chocolate, cheese, and monosodium glutamate (MSG) can prevent episodes without the use of medication.29 If psychological stressors trigger episodes, stress management techniques or benzodiazepine anxiolytics (lorazepam or diazepam) may help to abort attacks in the early stages. However, avoiding common triggers such as car rides and infection may be impractical or impossible. Interestingly, a 70% decrease in frequency of episodes (placebo effect) upon consultation and lifestyle changes without drug therapy has been noted.